2023 Author: Cody Thornton | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 11:20
There is the durum wheat, the one used for pasta, which is grown mainly in the southern regions: 49 million quintals are produced every year in Italy on 1.3 million hectares.
Then there is the Wheat, that of bread and biscuits. 600 thousand hectares are cultivated, with a production exceeding 30 million quintals.
Alessandria and Bologna are the Italian provinces that produce the most soft wheat, so it is logical that the so-called “wheat battle” starts from the Piedmontese city.
The thing is this: if the price of wheat is practically the same as thirty years ago, that is 14 euros per quintal, because bread, even if the consumer does not notice it, costs 1450% more?
In other words, why do you need thirty kilos of wheat to get to the price of a kilo of bread?
Roberto Paravidino, the president of Coldiretti Alessandria denounced this yesterday: in practice, the prices that farms rise by selling wheat no longer cover the costs and push them to close.
Despite the good year, with higher quality and yields than 2015, since we Italians are not alone the first producers, but also the first consumers of pasta in the world we are unable to cover the entire national needs: every year we import 23 million quintals of durum wheat and 48 million of soft wheat, especially from Ukraine and Turkey.
The consequence would be a traceability problem, with home-grown producers shaking the specter of insufficient health checks, both in the countries of origin and in the Italian ports of arrival.
Still according to the producers, to hinder a more adequate sale price of wheat, there is also a problem linked to speculation: very often large companies store large quantities of wheat for 2 or 3 years, to put it on the market as soon as the prices date back.